NCD is an independent federal agency charged with advising the President, Congress, and other federal agencies regarding policies, programs, practices, and procedures that affect people with disabilities. NCD is comprised of a team of Presidential and Congressional appointees, an Executive Director appointed by the Chairman, and eleven, full-time professional staff. (Read more about the NCD team)
NCD's mission is to be a trusted advisor, in collaboration with people with disabilities to:
- The President
- The Congress
- Federal entities
- State, tribal communities, and local governments; and
- Other entities and organizations
NCD fulfills its advisory roles regarding disability policies, programs, procedures, and practices that enhance equal opportunity by:
- Convening stakeholders to acquire timely and relevant input for recommendations and action steps
- Gathering and analyzing data and other information
- Engaging and influencing current debates and agendas
- Identifying and formulating solutions to emerging and long-standing challenges; and
- Providing tools to facilitate effective implementation
History of NCD
NCD has a proud history. First established as a small advisory Council within the Department of Education in 1978, NCD was transformed into an independent agency in 1984 and charged with reviewing all federal disability programs and policies. In 1986, NCD recommended enactment of an Americans with Disabilities Act, and then drafted the first version of the bill introduce in the House and Senate in 1988. Since enactment of the ADA in 1990, NCD has continued to play a leading role in analyzing the needs of people with disabilities, crafting policy solutions, and advising the President and Congress.
A more comprehensive history of the agency is detailed in NCD's 1997 publication titled Equality of Opportunity: The Making of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
NCD's five year strategic plan for FY 2012 - FY 2017 prioritizes implementation and engagement. (PDF)
NCD was statutorily created in 1978 through amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 780 et seq.). The authorizing statute specifies the agency's duties, administrative powers, appropriations, and parameters regarding NCD Council and staff. The statute was amended by the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (P.L. 113-128) in 2014.