Civil Rights

Findings and recommendations contained in the publications in this section come from analyses of civil rights laws, mediation, court decisions, regulations, policy guidance, and models. Publications consider enforcement and compliance, barriers, impact, implementation, promising practices across communities, and the right of people with disabilities to participate in all aspects of society. This section includes but is not limited to the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, Voting Registration Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, the Olmstead decision, application of federal laws to telecommunications, hate crimes, assisted suicide, voting rights, genetic discrimination, livable communities, and coalition building.

2014

  • National Council on Disability Letter to the FDA on Taking Action Against Judge Rotenberg Center (HTML)
  • Letter to Washington State Representative Roger Freeman in Support of Parenting Rights Bill (HTML)
  • NCD Letter to DOJ on its Recent Investigation of Title II ADA Violations in Rhode Island (HTML)

2013

  • Experience of Voters with Disabilities in the 2012 Election Cycle (HTML)
  • A Promising Start: Preliminary Analysis of Court Decisions Under the ADA Amendments Act (HTML)
  • NCD Letter to Senate Foreign Relations Committee Reaffirms Strong Support of U.S. Ratification of U.N. Disability Treaty (HTML)
  • NCD Urges HUD to Issue Olmstead Guidance (HTML)
  • Letter to House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight on Mental Health, Lack of Representation of People with Psychiatric Disabilities at Roundtable (HTML)
  • Letter to Vice President Biden Regarding Anticipated Taskforce Recommendations (HTML)

2012

  • Letter to the President about Chained CPI (HTML)
  • Letter to the President after Newtown Tragedy (HTML)
  • Rocking the Cradle: Ensuring the Rights of Parents with Disabilities and Their Children (HTML) (PDF) (DOCX)
  • National Council on Disability Report on Subminimum Wage and Supported Employment (HTML) (DOCX) (PDF)
  • Letter to DOJ Disability Rights Section Chief Allison Nichol on the Judge Rotenburg Center Investigation (HTML) (PDF)
  • Exploring New Paradigms for the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act (HTML) (PDF)

2011

  • Letter to Massachusetts DDS Commissioner Urging Elimination of Electric Shock, Other Aversives (HTML) (PDF)
  • Rising Expectations: The Developmental Disabilities Act Revisited (HTML) (PDF)

2010

  • Equality of Opportunity: The Making of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • The State of Housing in America in the 21st Century: A Disability Perspective (HTML) (PDF)

2008

  • Finding the Gaps: A Comparative Analysis of Disability Laws in the U.S. to the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (HTML) (DOC) (PDF)
  • Inclusive Livable Communities for People with Psychiatric Disabilities (HTML) (PDF) (DOC)
  • Youth with Disabilities in the Foster Care System: Barriers to Success and Proposed Policy Solutions (HTML) (PDF) (DOC)

2007

  • Issues in Creating Livable Communities for People with Disabilities: Proceedings of the Panel (HTML) (PDF)
  • Empowerment for Americans with Disabilities: Breaking Barriers to Careers and Full Employment (HTML) (PDF)
  • Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act: Challenges, Best Practices, and New Opportunities for Success (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act: Assessing the Progress Toward Achieving the Goals of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Breaking the Silence on Crime Victims with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)

2006

  • The Need for Federal Legislation and Regulation Prohibiting Telecommunications and Information Services Discrimination (HTML) (PDF)
  • Over the Horizon: Potential Impact of Emerging Trends in Information and Communication Technology on Disability Policy and Practice (HTML) (PDF)
  • Creating Livable Communities (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Practical Discussions on Implementation in the U.S. and Other Countries (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Impact of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on People with Disabilities: A Look Back and Remaining Challenges (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Americans with Disabilities Act 1990-2006, 16 Years of Making a Difference (HTML) (PDF)
  • NCD Statement: Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (HTML) (PDF)
  • NCD Voting Rights Act Reauthorization Statement (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Needs of People with Disabilities with Psychiatric Disabilities During and After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Position Paper and Recommendations (HTML) (PDF)
  • Update on the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • NCD Position Paper on Access to Airline Self-Service Kiosk Systems (HTML) (PDF)

2005

  • The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act: Has It Fulfilled Its Promise? (HTML) (PDF)
  • Cover Memorandum Upon the Reissuance of the NCD Statement Opposing Legalization of Assisted Suicide (HTML) (PDF)
  • Hearing on Voter Verification in the Federal Elections Process (HTML) (PDF)
  • Same Struggle, Different Difference: Civil Rights Policy Forum Summary Paper (HTML) (PDF)
  • Emergency Management and People with Disabilities: Before, During, and After Congressional Briefing (HTML) (PDF)
  • Saving Lives: Including People with Disabilities in Emergency Planning (HTML) (PDF)
  • Monitoring Symposium: A Contribution to the Formulation of Proposals for Monitoring a United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities Report (HTML) (PDF)
  • Update on the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Goodman and United States v. Georgia: The Supreme Court Hears Another Case Challenging the Constitutionality of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • NCD and the Americans with Disabilities Act: 15 Years of Progress (HTML) (PDF)
  • Questions and Answers for Mediation Providers: Mediation and the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Questions and Answers for Mediation Parties: Mediation and the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd. - Background, Legal Issues, and Implications for Persons with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Current State of Transportation for People with Disabilities in the United States (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - The Right to Health: Fundamental Concepts and The American Disability Experience - Quick Reference Guide (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - The Right to Health: Fundamental Concepts and The American Disability Experience (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - The Experience of the United States with Employment and Right to Work Protections - Quick Reference Guide (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - An Overview of the Experience of the United States with Employment and Right to Work Protections (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Access to Education by People with Disabilities Illustrations of Implementation from the United States - Quick Reference Guide (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Lessons for All of Us: Protecting the Right to Education for Persons with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - The Right to Participate in Political and Public Life by Persons with Disabilities - Illustrations of Implementation from the United States - Quick Reference (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Enjoyment of the Right to Participation in Political and Public Life by Persons with Disabilities - Illustrations of Implementation from the United States (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Access to Information Technology by People with Disabilities Illustrations of Implementation from the United States - Quick Reference (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Information Technology and Americans with Disabilities: An Overview of Innovation, Laws, Progress, and Challenges (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Living Independently and in the Community: Implementation Lessons from the United States - Quick Reference Guide (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability Topical Overviews - Living Independently and in the Community: Implementation Lessons from the United States (HTML) (PDF)

2004

  • Livable Communities for Adults with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Update on the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (November) (HTML)
  • Design for Inclusion: Creating a New Marketplace -- Online Version (HTML)
  • Design for Inclusion: Creating a New Marketplace - Industry White Paper (HTML) (PDF)
  • Design for Inclusion: Creating a New Marketplace (HTML) (PDF)
  • Consumer-Directed Health Care: How Well Does It Work? (HTML) (PDF)
  • National Council on Disability: 20 Years of Independence (July 2004) (HTML) (PDF)
  • Position Paper on Amending the Air Carrier Access Act to Allow for Private Right of Action (HTML) (PDF)
  • Update on the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (July) (HTML) (PDF)

2003

  • Olmstead: Reclaiming Institutionalized Lives (Abridged Version) (HTML) (PDF)
  • Foreign Policy and Disability: Legislative Strategies and Civil Rights Protections To Ensure Inclusion of People with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Tennessee v. Lane: The Legal Issues and the Implications for People with Disabilities (HTML)
  • Olmstead: Reclaiming Institutionalized Lives (Full-Length On-Line Version) (HTML)
  • When the Americans with Disabilities Act Goes Online: Application of the Americans with Disabilities Act to the Internet and the Worldwide Web (HTML) (PDF)
  • Addressing the Needs of Youth with Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: The Current Status of Evidence-Based Research (HTML) (PDF)
  • Rehabilitating Section 504 (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 19, The Supreme Court's Kirkingburg Decision and the Impact of Federal Safety Regulations in Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 18, The Supreme Court's Refusal to Permit Punitive Damages in Private Lawsuits Under Section 202 of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 17, The Supreme Court's Rejection of the "Catalyst Theory" in the Awarding of Attorney's Fees and Litigation Costs (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 16, The Supreme Court's Decisions Regarding Validity and Influence of Americans with Disabilities Act Regulations (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 14, The Supreme Court's Americans with Disabilities Act Decisions Regarding the Not-Just-One-Job Standard (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 13, The Supreme Court's Americans with Disabilities Act Decisions Regarding Substantial Limitation of Major Life Activities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 12, The Supreme Court's Americans with Disabilities Act Decisions and Per Se Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series: Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act - No. 11, The Role of Mitigating Measures in the Narrowing of the Americans with Disabilities Act's Coverage (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 10, Reasonable Accommodation After Barnett (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 9, Chevron v. Echazabal: The Americans with Disabilities Act's "Direct Threat to Self" Defense (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 8, The Implications of the Supreme Court's Decision in Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 7, The Impact of the Supreme Court's Americans with Disabilities Act Decisions on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 6, Defining "Disability" in a Civil Rights Context: The Court's Focus on Extent of Limitations as Opposed to Fair Treatment and Equal Opportunity (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 5, Negative Media Portrayals of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)

2002

  • Supreme Court Decisions Interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act (Updated) HTM (September 2002) (HTML) (PDF)
  • Supreme Court Decisions Interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act Chart (Updated) (HTML) (PDF)
  • An International Disability and Human Rights Convention (HTML) (PDF)
  • Individuals with Disabilities Ed Act Reauthorization: Where Do We Really Stand? (HTML) (PDF)
  • Position Paper on Genetic Discrimination Legislation (HTML) (PDF)
  • Principles for Genetic Discrimination Legislation (HTML) (PDF)
  • Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Council on Disability in Support of Respondents, Chevron U.S.A. v. Mario Echazabal (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 4, Broad or Narrow Construction of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 3, Significance of the Americans with Disabilities Act Finding That Some 43 Million Americans Have Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 2, A Carefully Constructed Law (HTML) (PDF)
  • Policy Brief Series - No. 1, Righting the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • Lift Every Voice Summary (Report Released November 1999) (HTML) (DOC)

2001

  • Action Strategies for Effective Coalitions (HTML) (PDF)
  • Reconstructing Fair Housing (HTML) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF)
  • Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Council on Disability in Support of Respondents, Toyota v. Ella Williams (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Sandoval Ruling (HTML) (PDF)
  • The Accessible Future (HTML) (PDF) (PDF)
  • Position Paper on Patients' Bill of Rights Legislation (HTML) (PDF)
  • Inclusive Federal Election Reform (HTML) (PDF)
  • Applied Leadership for Effective Coalitions (HTML) (PDF)

2000

  • Carrying on the Good Fight: Summary Paper From Think Tank 2000 - Advancing the Civil and Human Rights of People With Disabilities From Diverse Cultures (HTML) (PDF)
  • Closing the Gap: A Ten Point Strategy for the Next Decade of Disability Civil Rights Enforcement (HTML) (PDF)
  • Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Council on Disability in Support of Respondents Garrett v. Board of Trustees University of Alabama (HTML) (PDF)
  • Promises to Keep: A Decade of Federal Enforcement of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML) (PDF)
  • New Paradigms for a New Century: Rethinking Civil Rights Enforcement (HTML) (PDF)
  • Federal Policy Barriers to Assistive Technology (HTML) (PDF)
  • Back to School on Civil Rights (HTML) (PDF) (PDF)
  • From Privileges to Rights: People Labeled with Psychiatric Disabilities Speak for Themselves (HTML) (PDF)
  • Think Tank 2000: A Brief Summary As Background Information (HTML) (DOC)

1999

  • Lift Every Voice: Modernizing Disability Policies and Programs to Serve a Diverse Nation (HTML) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF) (PDF)
  • Implementation of the National Voter Registration Act by State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies (HTML) (PDF)
  • Enforcing the Civil Rights of Air Travelers with Disabilities: Recommendations for the Department of Transportation and Congress (HTML) (PDF)

1998

  • Grassroots Experiences with Government Programs and Disability Policy (HTML) (PDF)
  • Discipline of Students with Disabilities: A Position Statement (HTML)
  • Reorienting Disability Research (HTML) (PDF)
  • Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Council on Disability in Support of Respondents Olmstead v. L.C. HTM (HTML) (PDF)
  • Access to Multimedia Technology by People with Sensory Disabilities (HTML) (PDF)

1997

  • Equality of Opportunity: The Making of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML)
  • Outreach to Minorities with Disabilities and People with Disabilities in Rural Communities (HTML)

1996_Publications

  • Access to the Information Superhighway and Emerging Information Technologies by People with Disabilities (HTML)
  • Achieving Independence: The Challenge for the 21st Century (HTML)
  • Improving the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Ed Act: Making Schools Work for All of America's Children - Supplement (HTML)
  • Guidance from the Graphical User Interface (GUI) Experience: What GUI Teaches About Tech Access (HTML)
  • Cognitive Impairments and the Application of Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML)
  • National Disability Policy: A Progress Report - February 1986 (HTML)

1995

  • Voices of Freedom: America Speaks Out on the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML)
  • Improving the Implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Ed Act: Making Schools Work for All of America's Children (HTML)
  • The Americans with Disabilities Act: Ensuring Equal Access to the American Dream (HTML)

1994

  • Inclusionary Education for Students with Disabilities: Keeping the Promise (HTML)

1993

  • Furthering the Goals of the Americans with Disabilities Act Through Disability Policy Research in the 1990s: Summary of Proceeding (HTML)
  • Meeting the Unique Needs of Minorities with Disabilities: A Report to the President and the Congress (HTML)
  • Americans with Disabilities Act Watch-Year One: A Report to the President and the Congress on Progress in Implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML)
  • Progress in Advancing the Status of People with Disabilities Around the World: The Work of the United States Delegation to the Thirty-Third Session of the Commission for Social Development of the United Nations (HTML)

1992

  • Wilderness Accessibility for People with Disabilities: A Report to the President and the Congress of the United States on Section 507(a) of the Americans with Disabilities Act (HTML)

1988

  • On the Threshold of Independence (HTML)

1986

  • Toward Independence: An Assessment of Federal Laws and Programs Affecting Persons with Disabilities - With Legislative Recommendations (HTML)

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