Closures inDetail

Closures inDetail

Closures inDetail

This section of the Deinstitutionalization Toolkit includes the supportive detail on the subject of Closures. Table 1 provides statistical background on closures of institutions by state and institution and the current populations of persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) in institutional settings. For a description of the information provided in the chart, see the preceding part of Section 7 of the Deinstitutionalization Toolkit:

TABLE 1. Closures of State Institutions for People with ID/DD, 2000–2010

State

Name of Institution

Location

Year Opened/
Closed

N
Residents with ID/DD in Facility Two Years before Closure*

Current Status of State

N
State Institutions
(16+)*

N
People with ID/DD in State Institutions or Nonstate ICFs/DD (16+)

N
in settings with Six People or Fewer

AL

Albert P. Brewer Dev. Ctr.

Daphne
(pop. 19,036)

1973
2004

74

1

State: 92
Nonstate: 22

2,470

J.S. Tarwater Dev. Ctr.

Wetumpka City
(pop. 7,374)

1976
2004

78

Lurleen B. Wallace Dev. Ctr.

Decatur
(pop. 55,387)

1971
2003

147

CA

Agnews Dev. Ctr.

San Jose
(pop. 934,415)

1966
2008

276

6

State: 2,252
Nonstate: 2,054

49,863

FL

Gulf Coast Ctr.

Fort Meyers
(pop. 61,870)

1960
2010

103

6

State: 1,094
Nonstate: 2,007

11,051

Community of Landmark

Opa-Locka
(pop. 16,497)

1966
2005

128

GA

Georgia Regional Hospital

Savannah
(pop. 131,872)

2005

91
(366 total)

 

State: 849
Nonstate: 0

West Central Georgia Regional Hospital

Columbus
(pop. 185,781)

2004

37
(177 total)

5

5,112

IL

Lincoln Developmental Center

Lincoln
(pop. 13,795)

1866
2002

385

9

State:      2,254
Nonstate: 3,529

8,181

IN

Fort Wayne developmental center

Fort Wayne (pop. 252,524)

1890 2007

219

 

State: 13
Nonstate: 317

 

Muscatatuck Dev. Ctr

Butlerville (Jennings County)
(pop. 28,043)

1920 2005

147

4

6,189

 

TABLE 1. Closures of State Institutions for People with ID/DD, 2000–2010 (continued)

State

Name of Institution

Location

Year Opened/
Closed

N
Residents with ID/DD in Facility Two Years before Closure*

Current Status of State

N
State Institutions
(16+)*

N
People with ID/DD in State Institutions or Nonstate ICFs/DD (16+)

N
in settings with Six People or Fewer

LA

Metropolitan Developmental Center

Belle Chasse
(pop. 14,448)

1967 2007

243

7

State: 1,165
Nonstate: 651

4,168

MA

Paul A. Dever Dev. Ctr

Taunton
(pop. 55,718)

1946 2001

20

7

State: 893
Nonstate: 0

10,154

MI

Mount Pleasant Ctr

Mount Pleasant (pop. 26,440)

1937 2009

151

 

State: 0
Nonstate: 583

 

Southgate Regional Ctr.

Southgate
(pop. 28,353)

1977 2002

60

0

12,481

MN

Fergus Falls Regional Treatment Ctr

Fergus Falls (pop. 13,603)

1969 2000

25
(102 total)

1

State: 22
Nonstate: 357

13,235

MO

Midtown Habilitation Ctr.

St. Louis
(pop. 355,078)

n/a

31

6

State: 695
Nonstate: 360

4,408

MT

Eastmont Human Service Ctr

Glendive
(pop. 4,582)

1969 2003

33

2

State: 64
Nonstate: 0

1,427

NV

Sierra Regional Ctr

Sparks
(pop. 86,302)

1977 2008

 

1

State: 47
Nonstate: 68

1,429

OH

Apple Creek

Apple Creek
(1,161)

1931 2006

117
(142 total)

10

State: 1,429
Nonstate: 2,552

15,173

Springview

Springfield
(pop. 62,422)

1975 2005

86

OR

Eastern Oregon Training Ctr.

Pendleton
(pop. 16,480)

1964 2009

40

1

State: 22
Nonstate: 52

5,252

Fairview Training Ctr.

Salem
(pop. 151,380)

1908 2000

109

PA

Altoona Ctr

Altoona
(pop. 46,551)

1982 2006

92

5

State: 1,230
Nonstate: 2,087

16,198

Western Ctr

Canonsburg (pop. 8,721)

1962 2000

68

TN

Arlington Dev. Ctr

Arlington
(pop. 3,735)

1969
2010

104

3

State: 421
Nonstate: 144

4,027

Harold Jordan Habilitation Ctr.

Nashville
(pop. 592,497)

1979
2003

30

WI

Northern Wisconsin Ctr.

Chippewa Falls
(pop. 12,968)

1897
2005

172

2

State: 441
Nonstate: 357

8,083

Sources: Institutions closed, location, year, and current status of state: Lakin et al. 2010.

N residents in Institutions two years prior to closure: Lakin et al. various years 2000–2008.

Population: U.S. Census.

State Closure Plans—In Depth

State closure plans are available as additional resources. See the next part of Section 7 of the Deinstitutionalization Toolkit:

These are external documents that may be accessed for a more “inDepth” review of the topic of “Closures.”

References

Lakin, K. C., S. Larson, P. Salmi, and A. Webster. (2010). Residential Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities: Status and Trends through 2009. Research and Training Center on Community Living Institute on Community Integration/UCEDD, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota. Accessed July 21, 2011. http://rtc.umn.edu/docs/risp2009.pdf

Lakin, K. C., et al. (2000–2008). Residential Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities: Status and Trends. Research and Training Center on Community Living Institute on Community Integration/UCEDD, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota. National Residential Information Systems Project and Policy Studies. Accessed July 21, 2011. http://rtc.umn.edu/residential/projects1.asp

U.S. Census (2009). American Community Survey. Online data retrieval. Data by Geography. Accessed July 21, 2011. http://www.census.gov/acs/www/

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