Preview NCD's New Website in Beta

Take a look at the new beta site, an early, in-progress version at

Community inDepth

Skip to Page Content

Community inDepth (PDF, 157K)


Community inDepth (DOCX, 70K)


This section of the Deinstitutionalization Toolkit includes some additional sources of information on the subject of community. These are external documents that may be accessed for a more inDEPTH review of the topic area.

Additional Resources

Kozma, A., J. Mansell, and J. Beadle-Brown. (2009.) Outcomes in Different Residential Settings for People With Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 114(3):193–222.

Lakin, K.C., S. A. Larson, and S. Kim. (2011). Behavioral Outcomes of Deinstitutionalization for People with Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities: Third Decennial Review of U.S. Studies, 1977-2010. UMN Policy Brief.

Stancliffe, R. J., K. C. Lakin, S. Taub, G. Chiri, and S. Y. Byun. (2009). Satisfaction and Sense of Well Being among Medicaid ICF/MR and HCBS Recipients in Six States. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 47(2):63–83.

Thompson, J. R.,V. J. Bradley, W. H. Buntinx, R. L. Schalock, K. A. Shogren, M. E. Snell, M. L. Wehmeyer, S. Borthwick-Duffy, D. L. Coulter, E. M. Craig, S. C. Gomez, Y. Lachapelle, R. A. Luckasson, A. Reeve, S. Spreat, M. J. Tasse, M. A. Verdugo, and M. H. Yeager. (2009). Conceptualizing Supports and the Support Needs of People With Intellectual Disability. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 47(2):135–46.