Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Invisible Wounds: Serving Service Members and Veterans with PTSD and TBI

Wednesday, March 4, 2009
Download PDF

March 4, 2009


More than 1.6 million American service members have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). As of December 2008, more than 4,000 troops have been killed and over 30,000 have returned from a combat zone with visible wounds and a range of permanent disabilities. In addition, an estimated 25-40 percent have less visible wounds—psychological and neurological injuries associated with post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or traumatic brain injury (TBI)

NCD’s report examines and makes recommendations on support of service members and veterans, who access care through the Department of Defense, the Veterans Health Administration, or the private sector. Each health care system has a number of strengths and weaknesses in delivering evidence-based care.

An official website of the National Council on Disability